McPartland, M. Y.*, R. A. Montgomery, P. J. Hanson, J. R. Phillips, R. Kolka, and B. Palik. 2020. Vascular plant species response to warming and elevated carbon dioxide in a boreal peatland. Environmental Research Letters 15:124066.

Bermudez, R., A. Stefanski, R. A. Montgomery, and P. B. Reich. 2020. Short- and long-term responses of photosynthetic capacity to temperature in four boreal tree species in a free-air warming and rainfall manipulation experiment. Tree Physiology. 10.1093/treephys/tpaa115

Rice, K. E.*, R. A. Montgomery, A. Stefanski, R. L. Rich, and P. B. Reich. 2020. Species-specific flowering phenology responses to experimental warming and drought alter herbaceous plant species overlap in a temperate–boreal forest community. Annals of Botany.

Fallon, B.*, A. Yang, C. Lapadat, I. Armour, J. Juzwik, R. A. Montgomery, and J. Cavender-Bares. 2020. Spectral differentiation of oak wilt from foliar fungal disease and drought is correlated with physiological changes. Tree Physiology 40:377–390.

Brandt, L. A., M. Sertle, H. Hamilton, C. Deaton, K. Mangan, C. W. Swanston, M. Hammes, L. M. Nagel, C. L. Peterson, C. E. Looney, M. Windmuller-Campione, and R. A. Montgomery. 2020. Adapting bottomland hardwood forests to a changing climate. In: Pile, Lauren S.; Deal, Robert L.; Dey, Daniel C.; Gwaze, David; Kabrick, John M.; Palik, Brian J.; Schuler, Thomas M., comps. The 2019 National Silviculture Workshop: a focus on forest management-research partnerships. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-193. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 159-162.

Hammes, Mary C.; Brandt, Leslie; Nagel, Linda; Peterson, Courtney; Windmuller-Campione, Marcella; and Montgomery, Rebecca A. 2020. Adaptive Silviculture for Climate Change in the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, an Urban National Park in the Twin Cities Area, Minnesota," Cities and the Environment (CATE) 13: Iss. 1, Article 11.
DOI: 10.15365/cate.2020.130111

Montgomery, RA, KE Rice, A Stefanski, RL Rich, PB Reich. 2020. Phenological responses of temperate and boreal trees to warming depend on ambient spring temperatures, leaf habit and geographic range. Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences 117: 10397-10405.

Kattge, J,  Bönisch, G,  Díaz, S, et al. (Montgomery, R.A. one of 1000+ authors) 2020. TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology  26: 119– 188.


Grossman, J*, CavenderBares J, Reich P, Montgomery R, Hobbie S 2019. Neighborhood diversity simultaneously increased and decreased susceptibility to contrasting herbivores in an early stage forest diversity experiment. Journal of Ecology 107: 1492-1505 doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.13097

McPartland MY*, Falkowski MJ, Reinhardt JR, Kane ES, Kolka R, Turetsky MR, Douglas, TA, Anderson J, Edwards JD, Palik B and RA Montgomery. 2019. Characterizing boreal peatland plant composition and species diversity with hyperspectral remote sensing. Remote Sensing 11:1685; doi:10.3390/rs11141685

McPartland MY*, Kane ES, Falkowski MJ, Kolka, R., Turetsky, Merrit R., Palik, B. and R.A. Montgomery. 2019. The response of boreal peatland community composition and NDVI to hydrologic change, warming, and elevated carbon dioxide. Global Change Biology 25:93–107.

Stefanski, A*, Bermudez, R, Sendall, KM, Montgomery, RA, Reich, PB. 2019. Surprising lack of sensitivity of biochemical limitation of photosynthesis of nine tree species to openair experimental warming and reduced rainfall in a southern boreal forest. Global Change Biology; 00: 1-14.

Ward, S.F.*, Kees, A.M., Maddox, M.P., Montgomery, R.A., Aukema, B.H. 2019. The role of simulated spring water stress in interactions between eastern larch and larch casebearer. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 13, 621–633.


Berini, J. L.*, Brockman, S. A., Hegeman, A. D., Reich, P. B., Muthukrishnan, R., Montgomery, R. A., & Forester, J. D. 2018. Combinations of abiotic factors differentially alter production of plant secondary metabolites in five woody plant species in the boreal-temperate transition zone. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9: 1257. doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01257

Wright, A.*, N. Fisichelli, C. Buschena, K. Rice, R. Rich, A. Stefanski, A., R. A. Montgomery, and P.B. Reich. 2018. Biodiversity bottleneck: seedling establishment under changing climatic conditions at the boreal-temperate ecotone. Plant Ecology 219: 691-704.

Rice, K. E.*; Montgomery, R. A. ; Stefanski, A. ; Rich, R. L. ; Reich, P. B. 2018. Experimental warming advances phenology of groundlayer plants at the borealtemperate forest ecotone. American Journal of Botany. 105: 851-861. 10.1002/ajb2.1091

Reich, P. B., K. M. Sendall, A. Stefanski, R. L. Rich, S. E. Hobbie and R. A. Montgomery. 2018. Effects of climate warming on photosynthesis in boreal tree species depend on soil moisture. Nature 562: 263-267.


Nanninga, C.*, Buyarski, C.B., Pretorius, A.M., R. A. Montgomery. 2017. Increased exposure to chilling advances the time to budburst in North American tree species. Tree Physiology 37: 1727-1738.

Pike, C.C.*, J.C. Warren and R. A. Montgomery. 2017. Effects of artificial warming during quiescence on bud-break and growth of white spruce, Picea glauca (Moensch) Voss. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47: 1538-1547

Grossman, J.J.*, J Cavender-Bares, S.E. Hobbie, P.B. Reich, R.A. Montgomery. 2017. Species richness and traits predict overyielding in stem growth in an early successional tree diversity experiment. Ecology 98: 2601-2614. doi: 10.1002/ecy.1958

Wei, Xiarong, K.M. Sendall, A. Stefanski, C. Zhao, J. Hou, R.L. Rich, R.A. Montgomery and P.B. Reich. 2017. Consistent leaf respiratory response to experimental warming of three North American deciduous trees: a comparison across seasons, years, habitats and sites. Tree Physiology 37: 285-300. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpw112

Seabloom, E.W., L. Kinkel, E.T. Borer, R.A. Montgomery, Y. Hautier, D. Tilman. 2017. Food webs obscure the strength of plant diversity effects on primary productivity. Ecology Letters 20: 515-512. doi: 10.1111/ele.12754


Fernandez, C. W., Nguyen, N. H., Stefanski, A., Han, Y., Hobbie, S. E., Montgomery, R. A., Reich, P. B. and Kennedy, P. G. 2016. Ectomycorrhizal fungal response to warming is linked to poor host performance at the boreal-temperate ecotone. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.13510

Reich, P.B., K.M. Sendall, A. Stefanski, X.R. Wei, R. L. Rich, R. A. Montgomery. 2016. Boreal and temperate trees show strong acclimation of respiration to warming. Nature 531:633-634. Doi: 10.1038/nature17142

McColloh, K.A., J. Petitmermet, A. Stefanski, K.E. Rice, R. L. Rich, R.A. Montgomery and P.B. Reich 2016. Is it getting hot in here? Adjustment of hydraulic parameters in six boreal and temperate tree species after 5 years of warming. Global Change Biology 22: 4124-4133. Doi:10.1111/gcb13323

Wang, R.*, J.A. Gamon, R.A. Montgomery, P.A. Townsend, A.I. Zygielbaum, K. Bitan, D. Tilman, J. Cavender-Bares. 2016. Seasonal variation in the NDVI-species richness relationship in a prairie grassland experiment (Cedar Creek). Remote Sensing 8: 128 doi:10.3390/rs8020128

Pike, C.C.*, J. C. Warren, R.A. Montgomery. 2016. Allometry of early growth in selected and wild sources of white spruce, Picea glauca (Moench) Voss New Forests 47: 131-141. doi 10.1007/s11056-015-9498-0.


Borer, E.T., E.M. Lind, E.J. Ogdahl, E.W. Seabloom, D. Tilman, R.A. Montgomery, L.L. Kinkel. 2015. Food web composition and plant diversity control foliar nutrient content and stoichiometry. Journal of Ecology 103: 1432-1441. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12461.

Jacques, Marie-Hélène*, L. Lapointe, K. Rice, R. A. Montgomery, A. Stefanski and P. Reich. 2015. Responses of two understory herbs, Maianthemum canadense (Liliaceae) and Eurybia macrophylla (Asteraceae), to experimental forest warming: early emergence is the key to enhanced reproductive output. American Journal of Botany 102: 1610-1624. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500046

Scoffoni, C. J.*, Kunkle, J. Pasquet-Kok, C. Vuong, A. Patel, R. A. Montgomery, T. Givnish and L. Sack. 2015. Light-induced plasticity in leaf hydraulics, venation, anatomy and gas exchange in ecologically diverse Hawaiian lobeliads.  New Phytologist 207:43-58. doi 10.1111/nph.13346

Reich, PB, KM Sendall, K Rice, RL Rich, A Stefanski, SE Hobbie, RA Montgomery. 2015. Geographic range predicts photosynthetic and growth response to warming in co-occurring tree species. Nature Climate Change 5: 148-152. doi 10.1038/nclimate2497

Rich, RL, Stefanski, A; Montgomery, RA; Hobbie, SE; Reich, PB. 2015. Design and performance of B4WarmED, an aboveground and belowground free-air warming experiment at the temperate-boreal forest ecotone. Global Change Biology 21: 2334-2348. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12855

Sendall, K.M., P.B. Reich, C. Zhao, H. Jihua, X. Wei, A. Stefanski, K. Rice, R.L. Rich and R.A. Montgomery. 2015. Acclimation of photosynthetic temperature optima of temperate and boreal tree species in response to experimental forest warming. Global Change Biology 21: 1342-1357.  doi 10.1111/gcb.12781


Whitfeld, T. J. S.*, Lasky, J. R., Damas, K., Sosanika, G., Molem, K. and Montgomery, R. A. 2014. Species richness, forest structure, and functional diversity during succession in the New Guinea Lowlands. Biotropica, 46: 538–548. doi: 10.1111/btp.12136

Way, DA and RA Montgomery. 2014. Photoperiod constraints on tree phenology, performance and migration in a warming world. Plant, Cell and Environment 38: 1725-1736. doi: 10.1111/pce.12431.

Palik B.J., R. A. Montgomery, P.B. Reich, S.B. Boyden. 2014. Biomass growth response to spatial pattern of variable retention harvesting in a northern Minnesota pine ecosystem. Ecological Applications 24: 2078-2088.

Schwartzberg, E.G., M.A. Jamieson, K.F. Raffa, P.B. Reich, R. A. Montgomery and R.L. Lindroth. 2014. Simulated climate warming alters phenological synchrony between an outbreak insect herbivore and host trees. Oecologia 175: 1041-1049.

Givnish, T. J. and R. A. Montgomery. 2014. Common-garden studies of adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology among Hawaiian lobeliads. Proc. R. Soc. B 2014 281, 20132944.


Kern, C.C.*, R.A. Montgomery, P.B. Reich, T.F. Strong. 2013. Harvest-created canopy gaps increase species and functional trait diversity of the ground-layer community.  Forest Science. Doi:

Montgomery, R. A., B. J. Palik, S. B. Boyden, P. B. Reich. 2013. New cohort growth and survival in variable retention harvests of a pine ecosystem in Minnesota, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 310:327-335.


Boyden, S. B., R. A. Montgomery, P.B. Reich, B. J. Palik. 2012. Seeing the forest for the heterogeneous trees: stand-scale resource distributions emerge from tree-scale structure.  Ecological Applications 22:  1578-1588.

Kern, C.C., R.A. Montgomery, P.B. Reich, T.F. Strong. 2012. Canopy gap size influences niche partitioning of the ground-layer plant community in a northern temperate forest.  Journal of Plant Ecology. Doi:10.1093/jpe/rts016

Kern, C.C.*, P.B. Reich, R.A. Montgomery, T.F. Strong. 2012. Do deer and shrubs override canopy gap size effects on growth and survival of yellow birch, northern red oak, eastern white pine, and eastern hemlock seedlings? Forest Ecology and Management 267:  134–143.


Salk, T.T.*, L.E. Frelich, S. Sugita, R. Calcote, J.B. Ferrari, R. A. Montgomery.  2011. Poor recruitment is changing the structure and species composition of an old-growth hemlock-hardwood forest.  Forest Ecology & Management 261: 1998-2006. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.02.026

Pelc, B. D.*, R. A. Montgomery and P.B. Reich.  2011.  Frequency and timing of stem removal influence Corylus americana resprout vigor in oak woodland. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 136-142. doi:  10.1016/j.foreco.2010.09.043

Montgomery, R. A., P.B. Reich and B. J. Palik. 2010. Untangling positive and negative biotic interactions: views from above and below ground in a forest ecosystem.  Ecology 91:  3651-3655.  doi: 10.1890/09-1663.1

Powers, J.S., R. A. Montgomery, E.C.Adair, F.Q. Brearley, S.J. DeWalt, C.T. Castanho, J. Chave, E. Deinert, J.U. Ganzhorn, M.E. Gilbert, J. Antonio-Gonzalez, S. Bunyavejchewin, H.R. Grau, K.E. Harms, A. Hiremath, S. Iriarte-Vivar, E. Manzane, A.A. de Oliveira, L. Poorter, J.B. Ramanamanjato, C. Salk, A.Varela, G.D. Weiblen, M.T. Lerdau. 2009. Decomposition in tropical forests: a pan-tropical study of the effects of litter type, litter placement and faunal exclusion across a precipitation gradient. (515 KB PDF)  Journal of Ecology: 97:801-811.

O. R. Lopez, K. Farris-Lopez, R. A. Montgomery, T. J. Givnish. 2008. Leaf phenology in relation to canopy closure as a determinant of shade tolerance in southern Appalachian trees. (1120 KB PDF)  American Journal of Botany 95:1395-1407.

Montgomery, R.A., G. Goldstein, T.J. Givnish 2008. Photoprotection of PSII in Hawaiian lobeliads from diverse light environments. (237 KB PDF) Functional Plant Biology 35: 595-605.

Lusk, C.H., P.B. Reich, R.A. Montgomery, D. A. Ackerly, J.C. Cavender-Bares 2008. Why are evergreen leaves so contrary about shade? (247 KB PDF) Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23: 299-303.

Montgomery, R. A. & T. J. Givnish. 2008. Adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology in the Hawaiian lobeliads: dynamic photosynthetic responses. (614.2 KB PDF)  Oecologia 155: 455-467.

Dickie, I.A., R.A. Montgomery, P.B. Reich, S.A. Schnitzer. 2007. Physiological and phenological responses of oak seedlings to oak forest soil in the absence of trees.(97.7 KB PDF)  Tree Physiology 27:133-140.

Montgomery, R.A. 2004. Effects of understory vegetation on patterns of light attenuation near the forest floor. (170 KB PDF)  Biotropica 36: 33-39.

Harms, K.E., J.S. Powers, R.A. Montgomery. 2004. Variation in small sapling density, understory cover and resource availability in four Neotropical forests. (187 KB PDF)  Biotropica 36:40-51.

Givnish T.J., R.A. Montgomery, G. Goldstein. 2004. Adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology in the Hawaiian lobeliads: light regimes, static light responses, and whole-plant compensation points. (193 KB PDF)  American Journal of Botany 91: 228-246.

Montgomery, R.A. 2004. Relative importance of photosynthetic physiology and biomass allocation for tree seedling growth across a broad light gradient. (176 KB PDF)  Tree Physiology 24:155–167.

Nicotra, A.B., R.L. Chazdon & R.A. Montgomery. 2003. Sexes show contrasting patterns of leaf and crown carbon gain in a dioecious rainforest shrub. (112 KB PDF)  American Journal of Botany 90:347-355.

Cabin, R.J., S.G. Weller, D.H. Lorence, S. Cordell, L.J. Hadway, R. Montgomery, D. Goo, A. Urakami. 2002. Effects of light availability, alien grass, and native species additions on Hawaiian dry forest restoration. (306 KB PDF)  Ecological Applications 12:1595-1610.

Montgomery, R.A. & R.L. Chazdon. 2002. Light gradient partitioning by tropical tree seedlings in the absence of canopy gaps. (96.6 KB PDF)  Oecologia 131:165-174.

Montgomery, R.A. & R.L. Chazdon. 2001. Forest structure, canopy architecture and light transmittance in old-growth and second-growth stands of lowland rainforest in NE Costa Rica. (117 KB PDF)  Ecology 82:2707-2718.

Chazdon, R.L. & R.A. Montgomery. 2001. La adquisición de carbono en las plantas. In: M.R. Guariguata and G. H. Kattan (Eds.) Ecología y Conservación de Bosques Neotropicales.  Editorial Libro Universitario Regional, Costa Rica